Shailputri is the very first form of the Goddess Durga, she is most famous for being the first among Navadurgas. Variously she is known as Sati Bhavani, Parvati or Hemavati, the daughter of King Himavan. Her name also means daughter of the mountains. In her pure form of Parvati, she is also King Himavan's daughter too. Shailputri is also a name of Parvati too. Parvat also means mountain. Also like her (Parvati), she is the Goddess of purity, love, power and devotion. Also the embodiment of the power of Brahma, Vishnu and Lord Shiva.
Navadurgas' first form is Shailputri. Shailputri means "the daughter of Mountain-King Himavan". But before this birth, she was the daughter of King Daksha. In this form, her name was Sati. King Daksha was against Lord Shiva, knowing this, Sati fell in love with Lord Shiva. Daksha did not accept this. Sati made every effort to make Daksha understand, but in vain. And Daksha got Lord Shiva and Sati married. After the marriage, Sati made her residence at Kailash with Lord Shiva. But Daksha did not accept this relation. He had one intention, and that is to insult Lord Shiva. Deciding this, he had arranged for a ritual, all Gods and Goddesses were invited but not Shiva and Sati. She had the news of the ritual. Not listening to Lord Shiva's advice, Sati reached the ritual site. Unaware of her father's intention and she cannot tolerate this and burnt herself. Lord Shiva was outraged, in order to end Daksha's arrogance, he summoned Veerbhadra. After this, Mother Goddess took another birth as King Himavan and Queen Menavati's daughter in their house. Along with this birth, she remarried Lord Shiva.